Received: 15-Nov-2022, Manuscript No. IJANFE -22- 85694; Editor assigned: 18-Nov-2022, Pre QC No. IJANFE -22- 85694(PQ); Reviewed: 02-Dec-2022, QC No. IJANFE -22- 85694; Revised: 08-Dec-2022, Manuscript No. IJANFE -22- 85694(R); Published: 16-Dec-2022, DOI: 10.15651/2437-1882.22.3.038
The main goal of education is to help students improve their cognitive, emotional, spiritual, and physical skills. An ignorant person encounters several challenges in life. There are no rules or limitations placed on education. Consequently, it can be roughly divided into three categories:
1 Formal Education
2 Informal Education
3 Non-formal education
Non-Formal Education: Non-formal education is disseminated actively, intentionally, and through methodical application. It ought to be set up for a uniform group. The needs of the targeted group should be taken into consideration when planning non-formal education. This will call for flexibility in both the curriculum's and the evaluation system's des
Advantages of Former Learning
• A structured instructional framework and current course materials.
• Knowledge is imparted to students by qualified and experienced teachers.
• A methodical, structured learning approach.
• It is guaranteed that pupils will move on to the final and intermediate examinations.
• Institutions are logically and managerially structured.
• Ends with a certificate that is officially recognized.
• Jobs are accessible.
• Time is wasted as some lazy students may not learn properly despite professional trainers' best efforts to motivate them.
• Sometimes brilliant students get bored waiting for the academic session to end before moving on to the next level.
• Chances of developing bad habits are alarming due to the presence of both good and bad students in the classroom.
• Some unprofessional and non-standard educational systems may waste students' time and money, leaving them dissatisfied with the formal education system and pushing them toward non-formal education.
• Expensive and restrictive education when compared to other learning methods
Informal Education: No conscious attempts are made in this kind of education. It is neither intentional nor preplanned. They may learn it at home, in a hotel, or at a market. Informal education, as contrast to formal education, is not delivered by a facility like a school or college. Informal education is not delivered on a set schedule. There is no mandated curriculum. Experiences and actual life in the family or community make up informal education.
Advantages of Informal Education
• More natural learning process because they can learn from our everyday experiences at any time and from any place.
• It entails activities including independent and selfdirected research on a subject of interest using books, libraries, social media, the internet, or seeking help from unofficial trainers.
• Employs a variety of techniques.
• There is no set timeframe.
• A quicker and less expensive learning process.
• There is no need to hire specialists because many professionals are eager to share their priceless information with students and the general public online and through social media.
• Books, TV, radio, and chats with friends and family can all provide learners with the necessary knowledge.
• Information obtained via the internet, social media, television, radio, or chats with friends and family may result in misinformation.
• The procedures being used might not be appropriate.
• Lack of an appropriate timetable or schedule.
• Unpredictable outcomes that only waste time.
• A lack of trust in the learner.
• A lack of excellent habits, attitude, and discipline.
Non-Formal Education: Non-formal education is disseminated actively, intentionally, and through methodical application. It ought to be set up for a uniform group. The needs of the targeted group should be taken into consideration when planning non-formal education. This will call for flexibility in both the curriculum's and the evaluation system's design.
Advantages of Non-Formal Education
• Practical and career-focused training.
• Minds that develop on their own and do not wait for the system to change.
• Literacy that fosters skill development and values selflearning.
• Age, curriculum, and time flexibility.
• An open-ended educational system that involves participation from the public and commercial sectors.
• There's no need to hold routine exams.
• Awarded diplomas, certificates, and prizes are not required.
• Participants' attendance is inconsistent, and there may be instances when holding regular exams is only a waste of time because no certificate or degree is given at the conclusion of the training session.
• It's important to understand the fundamentals of reading and writing.
• There are no qualified teachers.
• Pupils might not feel as confident as other students do.
• Some institutions offer phony certifications via online courses just for financial gain.