International Journal of Adult and Non Formal Education

Commentary - International Journal of Adult and Non Formal Education ( 2021) Volume 2, Issue 3

Non formal education and its global scope

S Jahanfar*
1Department of Public Health Education, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author:
S Jahanfar, Department of Public Health Education, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jun 10, 2021 / Accepted Date: Jun 24, 2021 / Published Date: Jul 01, 2021


What is Education?

Education is a basic part in each and every individual on this world. Education is a process of gaining knowledge that helps in building a proficient personality and improving quality of life. Education means we gain knowledge not only through what information is contained inside the book but through that, we can enhance the skills and mental abilities. Any individual without education have to face many difficulties. It also helps in progressing of the academic, intellectual, spiritual and physical capabilities of a person. The main object of education is that, it makes you stand independently and lead a happy and stable life. It aids us to investigate considerations/things and thoughts by our own. People are never too young or too old to be educated and it has no age limit for education, this plays as the most major characteristic in education.

Types of Education

Formal Education: Formal education ordinarily happens in the premises of the school, where an individual may learn essential, scholastic, or exchange abilities. Education institutions are physically, administratively and circularly organized. It requires a minimum number of classroom attendances from students. By specially qualified teachers, the formal education is given and these qualified persons should be efficient in the art of instructions. Strict discipline should be maintained in formal education and both teacher and student should know the facts and take part themselves in the education process. Some characteristics of formal education are; scheduled fees must be paid regularly and it has chronological grading system. Within a specific time the syllabus has to be covered. It has a advantage that after education, certificate will be recognized formally and it will be a easy access to jobs.

Informal Education

Informal education is one of the types where a parent is teaching child things that are beyond academics. Through books, social media and libraries or from educational websites people can also get informal education. The one that gains knowledge through several life experiences is also a type of informal education. Also under the influence of community and the society one can gain informal education. It has no definite syllabus or timetable and is independent of boundary walls. For learning the new things one need not have to stress much, fees is also not required for this type of education. No certificates/degrees are involved. Advantage of informal education is that, it has no specific time span, less cost and time efficient learning process. Disadvantage is that, it has no appropriate utilized techniques, lacks confidence in the learner and there will be absence of discipline, attitude and good habits.

However, attempts to develop and conserve different color variety of goat have not yet been done for the satisfaction of consumer’s preference. Coat color is also an identity of a specific breed’s character. However, people have a fascination on color phenotype of animals. Although, lots of solid and mixed colored goats are available in our country, but the studies on coat color inheritance are very scanty in our country. Considering the above circumstances, the present study was undertaken with the objectives to develop pure-line goat genotypes based on coat color variants and phenotypic characterization of different color


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