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A socioeconomic investigation on the cattle rearing farmers in selected areas of Bangladesh

Abstract

SMJ Hossain, MR Amin, MA Kabir* , G Kumar Deb, SM Amanullah and MFH Miraz

The present study was conducted to explore the present socioeconomic conditions of cattle rearing farmers as well as factors influencing the annual income of a farmers in Bangladesh. To achieve this objective a baseline survey was conducted using a pretested objective-based questionnaire in 9 districts and for this purpose, a total of 719 households were surveyed randomly. After data analysis using SPSS, it was observed that most of the farmers were educated as illiteracy rate was only 6.06% and agriculture (45.31% HHs) was their main occupation. Moreover, 92% of HHs reared cattle with an average herd size of 2.67 cattle/household. Among cattle keepers, the percentage of indigenous, crossbred, RCC and both (Indigenous+Crossbreed) were 58%, 22%, 12% and 8% respectively. Different factors such as family size (p<0.01), education levels (p<0.001), land size (p<0.01), breed (p<0.05) and number of cattle (p<0.001) played a significant positive role on annual income of the household farmers. Furthermore, within breed, indigenous cattle represented negative significant impact (p<0.001) on the annual income of the household. Consequently, farmers rearing crossbred cattle with a high investment made more profit compared to indigenous cattle rearer. Moreover, small-holder farmers can earn a substantial amount of profit by rearing Red Chittagong Cattle’s compare to indigenous cattle by investing low inputs

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