Presence of the state and the problem of security in North Gondar Zone: The case of Wogera and West Belessa Districts


Wolemu Zemelak

Data from North Gondar Administration Justice Bureau indicated that there has been high rate of conflict in most districts of the North Gondar zone. However, little attention has been given to the sources, consequences and intervention mechanisms of the problem. The aim of this research article was to explore the presence of the state and security problem in the two districts of North Gondar zone (Wogera and West Belessa). The study was conducted in these districts as the problem of conflict and its consequences (like murder, family breakdown, less in production) is high. To study these issues, qualitative research methodology was employed. This is because qualitative approach is best suited for detailed and complex analysis conflict among groups and individuals. This research employed focus group discussion and in-depth interview with key informant as data collection methods. Additionally, the research employed different documents issued by the respective bureau of the two districts. The finding of this research indicated that almost 300 people lost their lives every year in each district. Property loss and physical injury was usually much higher than lives lost. The major cause of this problem was the security management in these districts is not well organized. The enforcement mechanism of the state is weak. Problems are related to lack of trained personnel and shortage of vehicle to cover all kebeles. Last but not least failure to pass proper verdict to the guilty is the major factor for the prevalence of conflict in the two districts.

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