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Epidemiology and profile of COPD patients over 40 years old treated in a pulmonology hospital service: Building bases of COPD-epidemiological study of adefined population

Abstract

1Salette Medical Institute ,2Paradigma Institute ,3Health Institute (INCOR)

This retrospective descriptive study was conducted at the Hospital Cruz Azulbased on analysis of medical records. Phase comprised a literature review on the topic conducted by the team responsible for the bases of medical references. After, patients with a diagnosis: COPD (J44), Asthma (J45) and other respiratory diseases, were analyzed. Were prioritized all records with diagnoses of COPD (J44) and those well characterized were selected for analysis considering the inclusion criteria predefined. Broad objectives of the study:to determine the prevalence and to define the profile ofpatients with COPD enrolled in the Pneumology Service Cruz Azul (CRAZ) of São Paulo, during the period between 2008 and 2011. Specific objective: a) assess the distribution of cases of COPD diagnosed and followed at the Department of Pneumology CRAZ, stratifying by age, sex, diagnosis of COPD, b) identify the presence and recurrence of symptoms in these patients, c) identify the presence of co-morbidities in patients with COPD.34,478 analyzedwere medical records of patients seen at theHospital from Cruz Azul 2008 to 2011.The analysis of the data reveals to user population of Hospital Cruz Azul, which utilizes the health plan of this hospital a greater frequency of women with COPD, smoker, with constant crises, with presence of co morbidities in particular diseases of the circulatory system. Men are more frequent between the ages from 70 years, smokers in greater quantity, seeking PA due pulmonary and respiratory frames. The prevalence of smoking in 73 cases is relevant and consistent with other studies analyzed.This epidemiological profile can contribute to the characterization of this population, contributing to the therapeutic and preventive approach. Also contributes to a better management of the medical care plan.March 2012–October 2013.

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