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Effects of growth regulators on C. guianensis foliar explants in view to optimize andiroba cultivation

Abstract

Anderson Roberto, Mercidito Oliveira and Erique V.E

Carapa guianensis Aubl. (Meliaceae), known locally as andiroba, is a multi-use species from Amazonia. Andiroba oil is considered an important natural product in the Brazilian market, and international demand is increasing due to its cosmetic and pharmaceutical potential. C. guianensis trees produce seed irregularly over different harvest periods, leading to inconsistent oil production and difficulties with supply. No management plans or protocols have been developed for in vitro or clonal production of Carapa seedlings and the maintenance of genetic resources. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of growth regulators on explants (young leaves, old leaves and apical buds). Explants consisting of leaf segments 1 cm on a side were cultivated in MS medium with and without growth regulators. Evaluation was based on fresh and dry weight of the explants after 20 days. In the media with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (5, 15, 35 or 45 µM), changes were observed in weight and explant appearance (callus). Bud breakage and development of shoots were achieved using 5 µM of 6- benzylaminopurine. Overall, the results showed that 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid stimulates callus formation on andiroba foliar explants, while 6-benzylaminopurine was superior to thidiazuron for the initial development of shoots.

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